Direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 on health and wellbeing
16th March 2021
This rapid evidence review provides a summary of what the evidence tells us about the direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 on health and wellbeing. It was conducted on behalf of the Health & Equity in Recovery Plans Working Group under the remit of the Champs Intelligence & Evidence Service provided by the Public Health Institute at Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), which is commissioned by the Champs Public Health Collaborative Intelligence Network.
As well as the direct impacts of COVID-19 disease, the social distancing and lockdown measures have had a huge and unequal impact of their own on individuals, households and communities through the restrictions imposed on our everyday social and economic activities. To begin to understand the full extent of the onward impacts on health and wellbeing, we have examined the impacts of COVID-19 on the ‘wider determinants of health’, as these are the factors that largely determine our opportunities for good health and wellbeing.